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大伯公
《左傳》有云:“凡有社里,必有土地神,土地神為守護社里之主,謂之上公。”土地神即“大伯公”,又有各種稱謂:福德正神、福德老爺、土地伯公、土地公、土地爺、土公、土地、土伯、土正、社神、社公、社官等。土地神乃是中國民間信仰普遍的神之一,主要流行於漢族地區,屬於民間信仰中具有福德的地方守護神。在中國傳統文化中,祭祀土地神即祭祀大地,現代多屬於祈福、求财、保平安、保農業收成之意、甚至還能保護福地,不受邪魔的侵擾。土地神的功能性極強,是道教諸神中與人民比較親近的神祗,保護鄉里安寧平靜。

Tua Pek Kong (Grand Uncle Deity)
‘Zuo Zhuan’ (The Chronicle of Zuo) mentions that: “Wherever there is a shrine, there is a Tu Di Shen or Tu Di Gong (Earth God or Tua Pek Kong). Tu Di Gong is the guardian of the shrine, being a revered lordly figure.” Tu Di Gong is affectionately known as Tua Pek Kong. Other similar references include ‘Fu De Zheng Shen’, ‘Du De Lao Ye’, ‘Tu Di Bo Gong’, Tu Di Gong’, ‘Tu Di Ye’, ‘Tu Gong’, ‘Tu Di’, ‘Tu Bo’, ‘Tu Zheng’, ‘She Shen’, ‘She Gong’ and ‘She Guan’. Tu Di Shen (Tua Pek Kong) is one of the most revered deities among Chinese folk religion worshippers and Taoists. The deity is widely worshipped in areas where the Han ethnic group resides. It is a folk deity believed to be possessing the divine power of granting wealth and benevolence to the people, as the guardian of the earth. In Chinese traditions and culture, Tu Di Gong is widely revered for his divine power in granting good fortune, wealth, peace, good harvest and protection against the intrusion of evil spirits. The powerful Tu Di Gong is a divine figure that is believed to be commanding a close relationship with the common people, by safeguarding their well-beings.